二、城市文化: About City

发布者:蒋宇发布时间:2019-04-16浏览次数:34

苏州是中国历史文化名城和重要的风景旅游城市,是长江三角洲重要的中心城市之一。苏州位于江苏省南部,东临上海,南接浙江,西抱太湖,北依长江,属亚热带季风海洋性气候,四季分明,气候温和,雨量充沛;苏州地势低平,水网密布,土地肥沃,物产丰富,是闻名遐尔的鱼米之乡、丝绸之府,素有“人间天堂”之美誉。

苏州城始建于公元前514年,距今已有2500多年的历史,是全国24个历史文化名城之一;享有“小桥流水、粉墙黛瓦、史迹名园”的独特风貌;占地面积1650平方公里的苏州城内,至今还保存完好的古典园林达60余处,其中拙政园、留园、网师园等9座园林已被列入世界文化遗产名录。

悠久的历史,孕育了独具魅力的吴文化。千百年来,苏州人文荟萃。苏州的绘画、书法、篆刻流派纷呈,各有千秋;戏曲、医学、建筑自成流派,独树一帜。苏州的刺绣、桃花坞木刻等工艺品闻名中外。

苏州是历史的、传统的,苏州又是现代的、时尚的,历史与现代在这里交汇,这就是苏州,亦古亦今,亦中亦洋!


Located in the middle part of the Yangtze River Delta, Suzhou is adjacent to Shanghai to the east and Zhejiang to the south, and it faces Taihu Lake to the west and the Yangtze River to the north. Suzhou has a 140 km long Yangtze coast extending from the north, the north-south Grand Canal dividing in the middle, and the Nanjing-Shanghai Railway and Expressway running from west to east.

Suzhou is one of the earliest cities that were named as a Historical Chinese City and an Important Travel Destination. It has a history of more than 2,500 years, which begins from 514 B.C. during the Spring and Autumn Period when King Helv of the Wu Kingdom established “Great City of Helv”, the ancient name for Suzhou.

The current major layout of the city is based on what it used to be like 2,500 years ago, highlighted by the exclusive arrangement of “canals paralleling streets, and houses neighboring against rivers. The intersecting canals, exquisite bridges, black-white toned architecture, classical gardens and historical sites have been the selling points of the ancient city. With its temples, gardens, history and unique culture, UNESCO listed Suzhou as a World Cultural Heritage site in 1997.

Suzhou has burned and re-emerged from the ashes more prosperous and beautiful than before on a number of occasions, and what remains today is one of China's most beautiful cities, while the economic boom since the opening up of China's economy in the 1980s has made it an attractive target for investment in high-tech industries. In 2017 GDP in Suzhou reached 170 billion.


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